This growth in gas exploration has initiated new markets for pipeline coatings and joint coating materials as evaluations of pipeline construction in Pennsylvania. Here given are the descriptions of coating material, surface preparations, and the methods correctly that are used to protect the gas pipelines. This will also contribute worthy insight into the types of polymer-based coatings that a high level of approval in the gas pipeline and also they are cost-effective.
What is the need for pipe coatings?
Corrosion is the most prominent threat to the buried steel pipeline, and it also leads to the damage and breakage of pipe walls. Mostly. Federal agencies and departments of transportation handle all these Interstate pipelines. At a point, these agencies are responsible for mandating corrosion protection, and also the applicability of protective coatings.
The Evolution of Pipeline Coating Materials
Pipe coating manufacturers in India have unturned the secret of pipe coatings, and the Evolution of the pipeline coatings can be easily seen, original material such as coal tar or asphalt. Now mill-applied products are used in epoxy primers with the combination of overwraps of various layered polymers. When they all are used in conjunction, these composite coatings function with better physical durability, active thermal resistance with excellent insulation properties if compared with the earlier coating materials. Today’s pipeline coatings are being used in the various filed applied documents.
Field-Applied Pipeline Coatings
When an epoxy resin and hardener or catalyst, gets a chemical reaction then, Liquid epoxy is formed. When these two are mixed, a chemical reaction converts them more hard and durable. After that, you can use epoxy over the brush, roller, or spray. Basically
Liquid epoxy is used mainly as a field-applied coating that is used to cover the girth welds, fittings, and valves. This is also utilized in the small sections of the pipes as field rehabilitation. It also gives extra protection at the soil- air interface, in the buried piping transitions. It depends upon the reliable content and number of coats, and liquid epoxy is thick. In the pipeline work, the range of Epoxy is 20 -to-35 mils. After the cure is achieved, the epoxy product converts into the thermoset coatings. Which means it does not get soft and also insoluble in solvents. However, when it is heated more than the temperature of 250 F, then the coating will disintegrate
Coal Tar Epoxy
Coal tar epoxy (CTE) is a modification of liquid epoxy where semi-liquid coal tar is used in place of some mineral filler. Due to the reaction of resin and hardener, CTE gets a cure. Similarly, with liquid epoxy, reliable content, and several coats over the steel, define the applied thickness of coal tar epoxy. The cure time of coal tar epoxy is slow, and at ambient situations, five to seven days are required for the full cure. However, in some of the cases, at 150F, the force cure reduces the time to 8hours.