Copper electro-deposition has variety of applications in metal finishing, primarily:

  1. An undercoat for surface finishes such as Nickel Chromium on steel, aluminium, zinc base diecastings and plating grade plastics (ABS & ABS PC).

  2. As a base for oxidized or coloured finishes.

  3. In electronics for production of printed circuit boards and printing cylinders.

  4. Electroforming of precision components and moulds.

  5. Thick deposits applied on steel as a stop-off coating in case of hardening processes such as carborising and nitriding.

  6. Copper can be plated from a variety of solutions cyanide, acid sulphate and more recently fluobo rate based.


Our recommendations are made in good faith and are based on our skills. However , since the conditions of use of these product s are beyond our control, this information is given on the express condition and agreement that Grauer & Weil (India) Limited, will not be liable to any person by reason thereof. Nothing herein shall be deemed to be a recommendation to use any product in violation of any existing patent rights.